Measuring Global Poverty: Toward a Pro-Poor Approach

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USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Overview The author examines the moral, methodological, and practical problems that arise from poverty measurement. He establishes a methodological framework for analyzing poverty conceptions and measures, and concludes with concrete recommendations regarding both the procedures for and substance of future global poverty measurement. Average Review.

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Write a Review. Related Searches. View Product. Budgeting for the Poor. Drawing on case studies of budget groups in Latin America, Europe, Africa and Asia this book is the first comprehensive study of the impact and significance of civic initiatives aimed at enhancing budget transparency and the poverty focus of government Examining how labouring-class poets constructed themselves and were constructed by critics as part of a Examining how labouring-class poets constructed themselves and were constructed by critics as part of a canon, and how they situated their work in relation to contemporaries and poets from earlier periods, this book highlights the complexities of labouring-class poetic identities Politicians promoting inclusive schemes often win elections.

This explains why inclusive programmes usually have higher budgets and transfer values than poverty targeted programmes. World Bank and IMF threats to universal social protection schemes.

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The World Bank and IMF not only advocate poverty targeting, they also criticise and threaten inclusive schemes that governments have established with their own funds. In recent years, the World Bank has recommended targeting a range of universal old age pension schemes, including in Nepal, Thailand, Lesotho, Mauritius and Namibia. In Kyrgyzstan , in January, the IMF — supported by the World Bank — persuaded the government to modify a law introducing universal child benefits so that they were targeted.

In Iran , the IMF persuaded the government to introduce targeting into its main universal transfer, contributing to the protests in December Mongolia was threatened by the IMF and World Bank with the withholding of loans unless it targeted its popular universal child benefit, with the government eventually acquiescing in January In , the World Bank launched a global partnership with the International Labour Organization on universal social protection.

Not only are the majority of those living in poverty likely to be excluded as a result of their policy advice, there is a danger that both institutions may, ultimately, undermine democracy while weakening economic growth and national social cohesion, a dangerous tactic in an increasingly uncertain world.


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Inclusive, lifecycle social protection systems are significantly more effective than poverty targeted systems in reaching those living in poverty while having much greater positive social, economic and political impacts. Nonetheless, despite the evidence on the inefficacy of poverty targeting and the indications of some signs of change in the public positions taken by the World Bank and IMF, there is clearly a long way to go before they reverse their commitment to poor relief and sanctions.

A good start would be a decision to reverse the damage they have recently caused in Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan. Source: Bretton Woods Project. He has a wide range of experience across many aspects of social protection, including organisational development, operational delivery and policy development and significant research experience. Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt. Pro-poor or anti-poor?

Journal of Globalization and Development

The evidence on sanctions and workfare There is no robust evidence that the use of sanctions in CCTs is effective: experiments supported by the World Bank indicate that improvements in educational attendance in CCTs are the result of the additional cash received by families — which enables them to send their children to school — rather than the fear of being sanctioned.

Signs of change or a false dawn? Conclusion Although the World Bank and IMF argue that their approach to social protection is pro-poor and progressive, in reality, the opposite is the case. Newsletter Subscribing to newsletter-en. This article presents a new class of truly global measures that aim to improve the understating of poverty. This allows for the costs of avoiding social exclusion and relative deprivation in both poor and rich countries.

Satterthwaite, D. Reducing urban poverty in the global south.

Toward a Pro-Poor Approach

Increasing numbers of poor people live in urban areas. Despite their proximity to possible advantage, they are highly disadvantaged, with poor or non-existent public services, high levels of violence and desperate living conditions. National and local governments and international organisations can become far more effective at addressing urban poverty at scale by working with and supporting the urban poor and their organisations.

Shepherd, A. Tackling chronic poverty: The policy implications of research on chronic poverty and poverty dynamics. This paper gathers the lessons learnt from the ten years of research by the Chronic Poverty Research Centre.


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  6. It outlines the changes in policy emphasis required in five key areas to achieve greater progress in the eradication of poverty and deprivation. If the chronically poor are to escape poverty beyond , they require additional policies and political commitment, underpinned by greater understanding and analysis. Multidimensional poverty index. Multidimensional poverty and the post MDGs.

    Poverty: the past, present and future

    Development , 56 1 , 46— Arnold, F. Asian Development Bank. Key indicators for Asia and the Pacific Brandolini, A. Asset-related measures of poverty and economic stress.

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    IDS Bulletin , 20 2 , Croke, K. Collecting high frequency panel data in Africa using mobile phone interviews Policy Research Working Paper Washington, DC: World Bank. Dutta, I. On measuring vulnerability to poverty. Social Choice and Welfare , 37 , Ferreria, F. Multidimensional poverty analysis: Looking for a middle ground. Grown, C. Unpaid work, time use, poverty and public policy [Special Issue]. Feminist Economics , 16 3. Paris: OECD.

    OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. Mashup indices of development Policy Research Working Paper New York: United Nations. Human development report Sustaining human progress: Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. A multidimensional approach to measuring child poverty.